Law is a system of rules by which, a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties. In other words, laws are those principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision.
By virtue of Article 13 (3) of the Indian Constitution law includes any Ordinance, order, bye law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usages having in the territory of India the force of law; laws in force includes laws passed or made by Legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of this Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas.
Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior. Laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or by judges through binding precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein.
The adjudication of the law is generally divided into two main areas referred to as;
- Criminal law and
- Civil law
Criminal law deals with conduct that is considered harmful to social order and in which the guilty party may be imprisoned or fined. Civil law deals with the resolution of disputes between individuals or organizations.
The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people. It provides a rich source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.