Skip to main content

Explain the duties and responsibilities of Bar and Bench

The Bar and the Bench are two sides of a coin. However, these are some of the most frequently heard questions that; What is Bar? What is Bench? and what are the difference between Bar & Bench? In addition to above mentioned queries, it is often discussed that, Whether Bar has got any duties to fulfill to the Bench or the Bench has got any duties to fulfill to the Bar.

If the independent judiciary is the pillar of democracy, the Bar is the foundation of the independent Judiciary. The Bar is the mother of the Bench and the bright mirror of the Judicial Officers whose image, character and conduct is correctly and visibly reflected therein, and it is for the Bench to nurse and nourish the merits of the Bar.

Duties of Bar to Bench

  1. Advocate not to show over reaction against presiding judge
  2. An Advocate should appear and behave like a thorough gentleman in the court.
  3. An Advocate should avoid any act which Lowers confidence in the administration of justice. 
  4. An Advocate should be trust worthy and he should not try to mislead the court.
  5. An Advocate should extend full co-operation to the bench
  6. An Advocate should not inflict imputation against the bench
  7. An Advocate should present everything in open court
  8. Duty of the bar to the Bench to maintain its Honour and Dignity
  9. Respect for address to Judges.
  10. The Bar owes a duty towards Assuring the Confidence in Justice itself.

 Duties of Bench to Bar

  1. Bench should support and ensure the Independence of the Bar.
  2. Duty to allow Arguments Uninterruptedly.
  3. Fairness on the part of Judge.
  4. Judges should extend their helping and Appreciative Hands towards beginners at the Bar.
  5. Judges should Pay Equal Attention to all Lawyers Irrespective of their Position.


Popular posts from this blog

Importance of Bar & Bench relationship

In general, Bar refers to the lawyers and Bench refers to the members of the judiciary, i.e., Judges. It is the body of persons which operates the machinery through which justice is administered, composed mainly of the Judges and the Advocates who help them in discharging their difficult duties, has existed and functioned both in ancient and modern times.
Bar & Bench relations in law refers to the cordial relationship between Advocates (Bar) and Judges (Bench). Bar and Bench plays an important role in the administration of justice. Bench administer the justice with the help of the Bar.
The Judicial Process in today’s world includes that task of Social Engineering. Concepts of justice, however, have changed vastly in the course of time. And, as between different States in modern times too, Justice, as embodied in the law, has different contents and connotations.
Such differences as we find between different States as regards the functions of the Bar and Bench are, mainly due to the so…

Definition of Person under Income Tax Act

Abhilash CU, M.Com, FCA, ACS
The term Person under Income Tax Act has wide meaning and interpretation than the normal meaning of person. The definition of person has a vide implication that “assesse “under the act is defined as a “person” by whom income tax or super tax or any other sum of money is payable under the act. So in order to be declared an assesse under the Income Tax Act, the assesse must be a “Person” as defined under the Income Tax Act of 1961.The term “Person” has been defined under Sec2(31) of the Income Tax Act of 1961. The definition of “Person” is as follows.

"Person" includes— An individual,A Hindu Undivided Family,A Company,A Firm,An Association of Persons or a Body of Individuals, whether incorporated or not,A Local Authority, andEvery artificial juridical person, not falling within any of the preceding sub-clauses;The definition is inclusive and not exhaustive i.e. any other Person can also be included under the definition of Person under Income Tax Act.

Nature, Definition & Scope of Administrative Law

Administrative law is considered a branch of public law. Administrative law is the body of law which governs the activities of administrative agencies of government. Government agency action can include rulemaking, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda.
Further, we can say that, the Administrative Law is a branch of law governing the creation and operation of administrative agencies. Of special importance are the powers granted to administrative agencies, the substantive rules that such agencies make, and the legal relationships between such agencies, other government bodies, and the public at large.

Similarly, Administrative law is a body of rules, regulations and orders formulated by a government body such as an environment management agency responsible for carrying out statute law.
In other words, these are the legal rules and principles on which courts act in controlling the exercise of statutory powers of adjudication and rule making by public authorities…