Social and economic justice is a cornerstone of a progressive and inclusive society. It ensures equitable opportunities, protection of rights, and upliftment of marginalized sections. In India, the government has taken significant steps to establish social and economic justice. This article aims to discuss the principles and guidelines that the Indian government follows to promote social and economic justice, focusing on the right to education, prohibition of child labour, and promotion of equal opportunities.
Right to Education:
The right to education is a fundamental aspect of social justice. The Indian government recognizes this right as a fundamental right for children between the ages of 6 and 14 under the Right to Education Act. The key principles and guidelines for the government to establish the right to education include:
The principle of Universal Access is a crucial aspect of the Right to Education and the broader concept of inclusive education. It emphasizes the government’s commitment to providing every child with equal opportunities to receive free and compulsory education, regardless of their socio-economic background, gender, disability, or any other factors that may hinder their access to education.
Universal Access recognizes that education is a fundamental right of every child. It underscores the importance of eliminating barriers that may prevent children from accessing quality education. These barriers can include gender discrimination, poverty, social exclusion, disabilities, and other forms of marginalization.
The principle aims to ensure that all children have an equal opportunity to receive education and develop their full potential. It recognizes that education is essential for the overall development of individuals, the empowerment of communities, and the progress of the nation as a whole.
Gender discrimination is one of the key barriers addressed by the principle of Universal Access. It emphasizes the need to eliminate gender disparities in education and promote equal opportunities for boys and girls. The government works towards creating an inclusive education system that provides equal access to educational opportunities, resources, and facilities for all children, irrespective of their gender.
Poverty is another significant barrier that can hinder access to education. The principle of Universal Access recognizes the need to address poverty-related challenges and ensure that children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds have equal opportunities to receive education. The government strives to provide financial support, scholarships, and other initiatives to ensure that poverty does not become a barrier to education.
Furthermore, the principle addresses the importance of providing equal opportunities for children with disabilities. It recognizes that children with disabilities should have access to inclusive education that caters to their specific needs. The government works towards creating an inclusive environment that accommodates diverse learning styles, provides necessary support, and removes physical and attitudinal barriers to education for children with disabilities.
To fulfill the principle of Universal Access, the government formulates and implements policies and programs that promote inclusive education. These initiatives include the establishment of schools and educational institutions in remote areas, the provision of transportation facilities, the training of teachers to cater to diverse learning needs, and the development of inclusive curriculum and teaching materials.
Efforts are made to ensure that marginalized communities, including those from tribal, rural, and disadvantaged backgrounds, have equal access to education. The government works towards improving infrastructure in remote areas, addressing language barriers, and providing additional support and resources to ensure that children from these communities can access quality education.
The principle of Universal Access underscores the government’s commitment to providing equal opportunities for all children to receive free and compulsory education. It recognizes the importance of eliminating barriers such as gender discrimination, poverty, disabilities, and social exclusion. By addressing these barriers, the government aims to create an inclusive education system that ensures every child has an equal chance to access quality education, develop their potential, and contribute to the nation’s progress.
The principle of Quality Education emphasizes the government’s commitment to providing education that meets high standards of excellence, relevance, and effectiveness. It recognizes that education plays a critical role in shaping individuals’ lives, building a knowledgeable society, and driving socio-economic progress. To ensure quality education, the government focuses on various aspects, including educational reforms, infrastructure development, teacher training, and the promotion of innovative teaching methods.
Educational reforms are a key component of providing quality education. The government works towards improving the curriculum, instructional materials, and assessment systems to enhance the learning outcomes for students. It strives to align the education system with the needs of the changing world and equip students with the necessary knowledge, skills, and competencies to succeed in their personal and professional lives. Reforms may include updating the curriculum to incorporate current and emerging trends, introducing new subjects or vocational courses, and integrating technology into the teaching-learning process.
Infrastructure development is vital for ensuring quality education. The government focuses on improving the physical facilities of schools, colleges, and educational institutions. This includes providing well-equipped classrooms, libraries, laboratories, computer labs, and other resources necessary for effective teaching and learning. Adequate infrastructure creates a conducive learning environment, enhances student engagement, and enables the implementation of various educational activities.
Teacher training programs play a crucial role in delivering quality education. The government invests in professional development programs for teachers to enhance their pedagogical skills, subject knowledge, and classroom management techniques. Continuous training equips teachers with innovative teaching methodologies, effective assessment strategies, and the ability to cater to diverse learning needs. Well-trained teachers are essential for providing quality education and fostering the holistic development of students.
Promoting innovative teaching methods is another aspect of ensuring quality education. The government encourages the use of modern technologies, digital tools, and interactive teaching techniques to make the learning process engaging, interactive, and effective. This may include the integration of educational software, online resources, multimedia content, and collaborative learning approaches. Innovative teaching methods not only enhance students’ understanding and retention but also foster critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and creativity.
Monitoring and evaluation systems are implemented to ensure the quality of education. The government establishes mechanisms to assess educational institutions, curriculum effectiveness, and learning outcomes. Regular monitoring helps identify areas that require improvement, provides feedback to educators, and supports evidence-based decision-making. By measuring educational outcomes and analyzing performance data, the government can take corrective measures and make necessary adjustments to enhance the quality of education.
Collaboration between educational stakeholders is crucial for ensuring quality education. The government collaborates with educational institutions, teachers, parents, and communities to create a shared vision of quality education. Engaging stakeholders in the educational process promotes transparency, accountability, and participation. It also ensures that educational policies and practices align with the aspirations and needs of the learners and society at large.
The principle of Quality Education emphasizes the government’s commitment to providing education of high standards. It involves implementing educational reforms, developing infrastructure, enhancing teacher training programs, and promoting innovative teaching methods. By focusing on these aspects, the government aims to deliver education that is relevant, effective, and capable of nurturing well-rounded individuals who can contribute positively to society. Quality education is a key driver of social and economic development, empowering individuals and fostering a knowledgeable and progressive nation.
The principle of Inclusive Education reflects the government’s commitment to providing education that is accessible and responsive to the needs of all learners, including children with disabilities, marginalized communities, and economically weaker sections of society. Inclusive education ensures that every individual, regardless of their background or abilities, has equal opportunities to learn, grow, and thrive within the mainstream education system.
Inclusive education promotes an inclusive society where diversity is celebrated and respected. It recognizes that every learner is unique, with different strengths, learning styles, and needs. The government focuses on creating an inclusive education system that eliminates barriers and provides necessary support to ensure the participation, engagement, and success of all learners.
Children with disabilities are a primary focus of inclusive education. The government aims to create an inclusive environment that addresses the diverse needs of children with disabilities, ensuring their integration into mainstream schools. This may involve providing specialized support services, accessible infrastructure, assistive technologies, and trained professionals to cater to their specific needs. Inclusive education promotes the idea that children with disabilities have the right to receive education alongside their peers, fostering a sense of belonging and promoting their overall development.
Inclusive education also addresses the educational needs of marginalized communities. The government takes measures to ensure that children from tribal, rural, and socially disadvantaged backgrounds have equal access to education. This may involve providing additional support, scholarships, transportation facilities, and infrastructure development in remote areas. Inclusive education aims to bridge the educational gaps and reduce disparities between different sections of society.
Economically weaker sections of society are another focus of inclusive education. The government endeavors to remove financial barriers and ensure that children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds have equal opportunities to receive quality education. This may include the provision of free or subsidized education, scholarships, mid-day meal programs, and other welfare schemes that support the educational needs of economically weaker students.
Inclusive education promotes collaboration and partnership among various stakeholders, including educators, parents, communities, and non-governmental organizations. The government works with these stakeholders to create a supportive and inclusive learning environment. It encourages the involvement of parents and communities in decision-making processes, recognizing their valuable contributions in shaping educational policies and practices.
Training and capacity building for educators is crucial in implementing inclusive education. The government invests in professional development programs to equip teachers with the necessary skills and knowledge to cater to diverse learners. This includes training on inclusive teaching practices, understanding individual needs, adapting curriculum and instructional strategies, and creating inclusive classroom environments. Well-trained teachers play a vital role in fostering an inclusive and supportive learning environment for all students.
Principle of Inclusive Education highlights the government’s commitment to providing education that is accessible, equitable, and responsive to the needs of all learners. It aims to create an inclusive education system that ensures the integration and participation of children with disabilities, marginalized communities, and economically weaker sections. By implementing inclusive policies, providing necessary support services, and fostering collaboration among stakeholders, the government strives to build an inclusive society where every individual has an equal opportunity to learn, grow, and succeed. Inclusive education promotes diversity, social cohesion, and the empowerment of all learners, creating a more inclusive and equitable society.
Prohibition of Child Labour:
Child labour is a grave social issue that hampers the development and well-being of children. The Indian government has adopted principles and guidelines to combat child labour effectively. These include:
The legislative framework plays a crucial role in addressing the issue of child labour and ensuring the protection and well-being of children. The government has enacted laws, such as the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, to prohibit the engagement of children in hazardous occupations and processes. These legislative measures aim to safeguard the rights of children, prevent their exploitation, and provide a legal framework for addressing the issue of child labour in India.
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act establishes a comprehensive legal framework for combating child labour. It prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any hazardous occupations or processes, as defined by the law. The Act also prohibits the employment of adolescents (between the ages of 14 and 18 years) in hazardous occupations that may have adverse effects on their safety, health, or morals. These provisions are crucial in ensuring the protection of children from hazardous work environments that can endanger their physical and mental well-being.
In addition to prohibiting child labour, the Act also regulates the conditions of work for adolescents in non-hazardous occupations. It stipulates that adolescents should not be employed in any work that is likely to interfere with their education or be detrimental to their health and development. The law emphasizes the importance of balancing the rights of adolescents to work with their right to education and a safe upbringing.
The legislation also provides for the establishment of various authorities and enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Act. These include the appointment of inspectors who are responsible for conducting inspections, investigating complaints, and taking necessary actions against offenders. The Act also outlines penalties and legal consequences for those found guilty of violating its provisions.
Another important aspect of the legislative framework is the focus on rehabilitation and support for rescued child labourers. The Act recognizes the need for the rehabilitation of children rescued from child labour and provides for their care, education, and skill development. It emphasizes the importance of ensuring their reintegration into mainstream society and facilitating their transition to a normal and healthy childhood. The Act also mandates the creation of special rehabilitation centers and schemes to provide necessary support and assistance to rescued child labourers.
Furthermore, the legislative framework is complemented by other related laws and policies that address various aspects of child welfare and protection. These include the Right to Education Act, which guarantees free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14, and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, which focuses on the rehabilitation and social reintegration of children in need of care and protection.
The legislative framework, including the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, forms a crucial part of the government’s efforts to address the issue of child labour in India. These laws aim to prohibit the engagement of children in hazardous occupations, regulate the conditions of work for adolescents, establish enforcement mechanisms, and provide for the rehabilitation and support of rescued child labourers. By enacting and enforcing these laws, the government seeks to protect the rights and well-being of children, promote their education and development, and work towards eradicating child labour from the society.
Education and Awareness:
Education and awareness play a vital role in combating child labour and ensuring the protection and development of children. The government recognizes the significance of these factors and implements various initiatives to address the issue of child labour through education and awareness-raising programs.
One of the key initiatives undertaken by the government is the National Child Labour Project (NCLP). The NCLP aims to rescue and rehabilitate child labourers and ensure their access to education and skill development. Under this project, special schools known as Special Training Centers (STCs) are set up in areas with a high prevalence of child labour. These centers provide non-formal education, bridge courses, vocational training, and supplementary nutrition to rescued child labourers.
The primary focus of the NCLP is to create a safe and nurturing environment for child labourers, where they can receive quality education and acquire necessary skills. The program aims to reintegrate them into mainstream education systems, enabling them to continue their education and pursue a brighter future. By providing non-formal education and vocational training, the NCLP equips child labourers with essential knowledge and skills that enhance their employability and open up opportunities for self-sufficiency and a better quality of life.
In addition to the NCLP, the government promotes awareness campaigns to sensitizethe public about the consequences of child labour and the importance of education. These campaigns aim to create a broader understanding of the negative impacts of child labour on children’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. They also raise awareness about the rights of children to education and a safe childhood, highlighting the role of education in breaking the cycle of poverty and exploitation.
Various government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and community-based organizations collaborate to implement these awareness programs and initiatives. They work towards disseminating information, organizing workshops, conducting street plays, and using other innovative methods to reach out to communities, parents, and employers. These efforts aim to change mindsets, create social norms that reject child labour, and foster a collective responsibility towards protecting children’s rights and promoting their education.
Furthermore, the government endeavors to strengthen the education system and improve access to quality education for all children. This includes initiatives such as the Right to Education Act, which guarantees free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14, and the establishment of schools and educational facilities in underserved areas. By ensuring universal access to education and improving the quality of education, the government aims to create an environment that discourages child labour and promotes the development of children.
Education and awareness are crucial components of the government’s strategy to combat child labour. Through initiatives like the National Child Labour Project, awareness campaigns, and efforts to improve access to quality education, the government aims to rescue and rehabilitate child labourers while ensuring their right to education and skill development. By addressing the root causes of child labour and promoting education, the government endeavors to create a society where every child can enjoy a safe and nurturing childhood and have the opportunity to realize their full potential.
Enforcement and Rehabilitation:
Enforcement and rehabilitation are key components of the government’s efforts to address child labour effectively. The government recognizes the need for strong enforcement mechanisms to identify, prosecute, and deter those involved in child labour practices. Simultaneously, it emphasizes the importance of providing comprehensive rehabilitation and support services to rescued child labourers to ensure their well-being, development, and successful reintegration into society.
Enforcement of laws and regulations pertaining to child labour is crucial in combating this issue. The government works towards strengthening enforcement mechanisms by increasing surveillance, conducting regular inspections, and taking strict legal action against offenders. This includes the appointment of inspectors and enforcement agencies responsible for conducting inspections, investigating complaints, and initiating legal proceedings against violators of child labour laws. By adopting a proactive approach to enforcement, the government aims to create a deterrent effect and discourage individuals and establishments from engaging in child labour practices.
In addition to enforcement, the government places significant emphasis on the rehabilitation and support of rescued child labourers. Rescued children are provided with access to a range of essential services that contribute to their overall well-being and development. These services include education, healthcare, counseling, nutrition, and skill training.
Education is a critical component of the rehabilitation process. Rescued child labourers are enrolled in formal or non-formal education programs, depending on their age and circumstances. The government ensures that these children have the opportunity to catch up on missed education and acquire necessary knowledge and skills. By providing education, the government aims to empower rescued child labourers with the means to break the cycle of poverty and exploitation and secure a better future for themselves.
Healthcare and counseling services are also an integral part of the rehabilitation process. Rescued child labourers often require medical attention and support to recover from physical and psychological hardships. The government ensures that these children have access to healthcare facilities, regular check-ups, and necessary treatments. Counseling services are also provided to help them cope with the emotional and psychological trauma they may have experienced.
Furthermore, the government focuses on equipping rescued child labourers with vocational skills that enable them to become self-reliant and gain meaningful employment in the future. Skill training programs are designed to provide them with practical skills and knowledge in various trades and industries. This empowers them to pursue alternative livelihood options and break the cycle of poverty and exploitation.
The rehabilitation and support services provided to rescued child labourers are implemented through collaboration between various government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and community-based organizations. These stakeholders work together to create a supportive and nurturing environment for the children, ensuring their physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
Enforcement and rehabilitation are critical pillars of the government’s approach to combat child labour effectively. Through strong enforcement mechanisms, the government aims to identify and prosecute those involved in child labour practices. Simultaneously, it focuses on providing comprehensive rehabilitation and support services to rescued child labourers, including access to education, healthcare, and skill training. By addressing both the legal and socio-economic dimensions of the issue, the government strives to eliminate child labour, protect the rights of children, and provide them with opportunities for a brighter and more secure future.
Promotion of Equal Opportunities:
To establish social and economic justice, equal opportunities must be provided to all individuals. The Indian government works towards this goal through various principles and guidelines, including:
Affirmative action is a proactive policy approach implemented by the government to address historical inequalities and promote equal opportunities for marginalized and disadvantaged groups. It recognizes that certain communities, due to social, economic, and historical factors, have faced systemic discrimination and barriers that hinder their progress and access to resources.
One significant aspect of affirmative action is the reservation system. The government reserves a certain percentage of seats in educational institutions and public employment for individuals from socially and economically disadvantaged communities. This reservation policy aims to ensure representation and increase the participation of these communities in various sectors of society.
In the education sector, reservation policies provide opportunities for students from marginalized communities to pursue higher education. Reserved seats are allocated in educational institutions, including universities, colleges, and professional courses, to individuals from Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBC). These reservations help bridge educational disparities and enable students from historically underprivileged backgrounds to access quality education.
Affirmative action in public employment ensures representation and access to job opportunities for marginalized communities. The government reserves a certain percentage of positions in government departments, organizations, and public sector enterprises for individuals from SC, ST, OBC, and other designated categories. By providing employment opportunities, the government aims to create a more inclusive workforce and promote social and economic empowerment for historically marginalized groups.
The reservation system in educational institutions and public employment is supported by various legal provisions and policies. These policies outline the specific criteria, eligibility, and procedures for implementing affirmative action measures. The government periodically reviews and updates these policies to address evolving societal needs and ensure the effective implementation of affirmative action.
Affirmative action policies not only provide access to educational and employment opportunities but also contribute to social integration and empowerment. They help individuals from marginalized communities overcome historical disadvantages and break free from the cycle of poverty and discrimination. By increasing representation and providing equal opportunities, affirmative action promotes social justice, diversity, and inclusive growth.
While affirmative action policies have been instrumental in providing opportunities and social mobility for marginalized communities, they have also been subject to debates and critiques. Some argue that these policies should be based on socio-economic factors rather than caste or community-based reservations. Balancing the need for affirmative action with ensuring merit-based selection processes and equal opportunities for all individuals remains an ongoing challenge for the government.
Affirmative action policies implemented by the government play a crucial role in promoting equal opportunities for marginalized and disadvantaged groups. Through reservation in educational institutions and public employment, these policies aim to address historical inequalities, increase representation, and empower communities that have faced social and economic disadvantages. Affirmative action contributes to social integration, diversity, and inclusive development, fostering a more equitable society where all individuals have an opportunity to thrive.
Skill development plays a vital role in enhancing employability, empowering individuals, and bridging the gap between different sections of society. The government recognizes the importance of equipping individuals with relevant skills and knowledge to meet the demands of the ever-evolving job market. Skill development programs aim to provide training and vocational education to marginalized youth, women, and individuals from economically weaker backgrounds, enabling them to secure gainful employment and improve their socio-economic status.
The government’s focus on skill development is rooted in the understanding that traditional academic education alone may not be sufficient to meet the diverse needs of the job market. By offering skill training programs, the government aims to equip individuals with practical skills that are in demand across various industries and sectors. These programs focus on both technical skills, such as plumbing, carpentry, welding, electronics, and computer programming, as well as soft skills like communication, problem-solving, teamwork, and entrepreneurship.
Marginalized youth, including those from economically weaker sections, often face limited access to quality education and employment opportunities. Skill development programs specifically target these individuals to provide them with the necessary skills and competencies to enhance their employability. These programs are designed to be inclusive, catering to the specific needs and aspirations of different groups, including women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. By focusing on skill development, the government aims to empower these individuals, break the cycle of poverty, and promote social inclusion.
Skill development initiatives are implemented through various government schemes and programs. These programs provide a comprehensive framework for imparting skills training, including theoretical and practical components. The government collaborates with training providers, industry partners, and vocational institutions to design curriculum and delivery mechanisms that are aligned with industry needs and standards. This collaboration ensures that individuals receive training that is relevant, up-to-date, and market-driven.
Furthermore, the government facilitates access to financial assistance and scholarships to support individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds in pursuing skill development programs. This helps overcome financial barriers and encourages participation from those who may otherwise be unable to afford such training. Additionally, the government encourages public-private partnerships to promote the active involvement of industries in skill development initiatives, ensuring that training programs are aligned with industry requirements.
Skill development programs not only focus on providing technical expertise but also emphasize the development of soft skills and entrepreneurship abilities. By equipping individuals with a well-rounded skill set, these programs enable them to adapt to changing job market trends, enhance their employability, and even explore entrepreneurship opportunities. This, in turn, contributes to economic growth, job creation, and overall socio-economic development.
The government regularly monitors and evaluates the effectiveness of skill development programs to ensure their quality and relevance. This includes assessing the employability outcomes of trained individuals, gathering feedback from industry partners, and incorporating necessary revisions to the training curriculum. Continuous evaluation and improvement help ensure that skill development programs remain responsive to market demands and provide individuals with the best possible opportunities for success.
Skill development is a critical component of the government’s efforts to promote employability, bridge socio-economic disparities, and empower marginalized individuals. By providing skill training and vocational education, the government aims to enhance the employability of youth, women, and individuals from economically weaker backgrounds. These programs not only impart technical skills but also focus on soft skills and entrepreneurship, enabling individuals to thrive in a competitive job market and contribute to economic growth. Skill development initiatives contribute to the overall socio-economic development of the nation, fostering inclusive growth and creating opportunities for all sections of society.
Social Welfare Schemes:
Social welfare schemes are crucial tools employed by the government to address the needs and uplift the living standards of vulnerable sections of society. These schemes aim to ensure social justice, reduce inequality, and provide support to individuals and communities facing socio-economic challenges. By implementing social welfare schemes, the government seeks to create a more inclusive and equitable society where every citizen has access to basic necessities, opportunities, and social security.
One prominent social welfare scheme implemented by the government is the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). This flagship program guarantees a hundred days of wage employment to every rural household in India. It aims to provide livelihood opportunities, enhance rural infrastructure, and strengthen the purchasing power of marginalized communities. MGNREGA not only addresses the issue of unemployment but also focuses on sustainable rural development, poverty alleviation, and empowerment of rural households.
The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), another significant social welfare scheme, targets poverty reduction through the promotion of self-employment and entrepreneurship among rural poor. NRLM facilitates the creation of self-help groups (SHGs) and provides them with financial assistance, skill development training, and market linkages to enhance their income-generation activities. By empowering rural communities, particularly women, NRLM aims to create sustainable livelihoods and alleviate poverty at the grassroots level.
The National Social Assistance Program (NSAP) is designed to provide social security and financial assistance to vulnerable groups, including the elderly, widows, and persons with disabilities. NSAP includes various components such as the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, the Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme, and the National Disability Pension Scheme. These schemes provide monthly pensions to eligible beneficiaries, ensuring a basic level of income and support for those who are unable to fend for themselves due to age, disability, or other challenging circumstances.
Additionally, the government implements several other social welfare schemes addressing specific issues and target groups. For instance, the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women for improved nutrition and healthcare during pregnancy and early motherhood. The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (Save the Girl Child, Educate the Girl Child) scheme focuses on addressing gender imbalance and promoting the education and welfare of girls. These schemes reflect the government’s commitment to addressing specific social challenges and ensuring the well-being of specific vulnerable groups.
The implementation and effectiveness of social welfare schemes are supported by a robust framework, including the identification of beneficiaries, eligibility criteria, monitoring mechanisms, and grievance redressal systems. The government also works in collaboration with various stakeholders, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society groups, to ensure efficient delivery and effective utilization of resources.
Social welfare schemes play a crucial role in transforming the lives of vulnerable communities by providing them with opportunities, resources, and support to improve their socio-economic conditions. These schemes aim to uplift marginalized sections of society, reduce poverty, and bridge the socio-economic divide. By promoting social justice and inclusivity, social welfare schemes contribute to the overall development and well-being of the nation.
Social welfare schemes implemented by the government are instrumental in addressing the needs of vulnerable sections of society and promoting social justice. These schemes, such as MGNREGA, NRLM, NSAP, and others, aim to provide employment opportunities, livelihood support, and social security to disadvantaged communities. By empowering individuals and communities, social welfare schemes contribute to poverty reduction, sustainable development, and the creation of a more inclusive society.
Establishing social and economic justice requires a comprehensive approach, encompassing various principles and guidelines. The Indian government’s focus on the right to education, prohibition of child labour, and promotion of equal opportunities reflects its commitment to creating a more equitable and inclusive society. By upholding these principles and implementing effective policies, the government aims to bridge socio-economic gaps, uplift marginalized communities, and foster a just and prosperous nation.